Appearance of the Scott's Oriole
Scott’s Oriole, a medium-sized New World Oriole, was named in honor of General Winfield Scott, a Union Army General during the Civil War.
The adult male Scott's Oriole has a black ‘hood’ covering the head, face, mantle, wings, tail feathers, throat and breast. The belly, tail and upper wing have a yellow hue. The male Scott's Oriole has one slim white wing bar.
The adult female Scott's Oriole has olive upper parts with dark streaks on the back. The underparts are greenish-yellow with black areas on the throat. The female Scott's Oriole has two white wing bars.
The song of the Scott’s Oriole is a low whistle with a gurgle. The low-pitched call is a cherk, jug, shack or zhet.
Geography of the Scott's Oriole
The Scott's Oriole is primarily found in mountainous areas of Arizona and New Mexico in the southwestern United States southward to Baja California Sur and Central Mexico. The Scott's Oriole winters in Mexico south to Central America, including Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
Unfortunately, the Scott’s Oriole is showing a population decline throughout its United States breeding area. The reasons for decline in numbers are unknown and very little studies have been done on the Scott's Oriole. The suspected culprit, as is frequently the case, is destruction of the Scott's Oriole habitat.
Local Environments of the Scott's Oriole
The Scott’s Oriole prefers desert hillsides or dry plains, especially if yucca plants are present near a body of water. The Scott's Oriole finds much of its food supply, in the form of insects, in the yucca plants.
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