Appearance of the American Goldfinch
The American Goldfinch (also known as the Eastern Goldfinch or the Wild Canary) is a common member of the finch family. A small bird, the American Goldfinch changes its plumage color twice a year after undergoing the molting process—the only member of the finch family to experience a complete molt.
During the summer months, male American goldfinches are bright yellow and then olive during the winter. Female American goldfinches are dull yellow-brown year-round, though brighter during the summer.
The beak of the American Goldfinch has evolved over time, becoming conical to aid in feeding on seedheads.
The song of the American Goldfinch is a series of musical warbles and twitters.
Geography of the American Goldfinch
American Goldfinches are found throughout southern Canada from British Columbia to Newfoundland east, and across most of the United States with the exception of the American southwest.
Migrating southward for winter, American Goldfinches usually stay within the continental United States. Some goldfinches do venture as far south as northern Mexico.
Local Environments of the American Goldfinch
The American Goldfinch prefers open fields, floodplains, meadows, orchards and gardens. Those that stay in the same area year-round tend to move closer to areas where birdfeeders are in abundance.
American goldfinches are considered ‘social’, gathering in flocks while feeding and or migrating.
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