Appearance of the Dark-Eyed Junco
Although there are five forms of the Dark-Eyed Junco, they have some similar features, including the plain feathers, dark hood, and white tail feathers.
The five forms of juncos include the Slate-colored junco, the Oregon junco, the Gray-headed junco, the White-winged junco, and the Guadalupe junco. There may be two more juncos which can be found, the Pink-sided junco and the Red-backed junco.
Males and females are similar, but the females are usually paler than the males. These birds generally reach a length of 6-8 inches and weigh a little over half an ounce to a little over an ounce.
Geography of the Dark-Eyed Junco
The Dark-Eyed Junco is a small sparrow whose habitat extends from Alaska and Canada southward through the entire United States and the northernmost parts of Mexico.
Some of the Dark-Eyed Juncos stay in the same area year round, particularly those that inhabit the region from southern Canada southward through northern Mexico.
Those that do migrate from more northern regions usually join those Dark-Eyed Juncos who permanently reside in those "wintering areas."
Local Environments of the Dark-Eyed Junco
Each of the five different kinds of Dark-Eyed Juncos reside in differing forest or woodland locations throughout its habitat.
During the winter months it prefers to inhabit fields, parks, cemeteries, and gardens as well as suburban neighborhoods where it is often the most common bird found at birdfeeders during those frigid months.
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