The male House Finch has bright red to pale yellow on most of its body. The amount of this coloring comes from the food the male eats. The brighter, more colorful the male House Finch, the more attracted a female will be to the male.
The House Finch will nest in bird houses and bird boxes, but if you look closely at a hanging basket in a backyard or on a porch, you may even find a little house finch inhabiting it!
The House Finch also made our list of the Top 15 Photogenic Feeder Birds.
Appearance of the House Finch
A medium sized member of the finch family, both the male and female House Finch are 5-6 inches in length and weigh between half an ounce to an ounce each.
The male House Finch is bright red to pale yellow on most of its body, while the female House Finch is brown with stripes. The coloring of the male finch comes from the food it eats.
By eating foods with more pigments, the male House Finch will become redder or more yellow, making it a prime mating candidate for a female House Finch.
Geography of the House Finch
At first, the House Finch was only found in the southwestern United States and Mexico until around 1940. Then some of the species was introduced to the New York City area and started multiplying in large numbers.
Today, the House Finch inhabits almost all parts of North America, from Canada to Mexico. There is a linear section in the middle of the United States, however, where House Finch numbers are very few, if any.
Local Environments of the House Finch
The House Finch is commonly seen in urban and suburban areas, particularly in the eastern United States, eating at bird feeders and nesting in hanging plants at or near people's houses. The House Finch will also use a bird box for nesting.
In the western regions of North American, the House Finch can be found in urban and suburban areas, but it will also live in the desert regions as well as forested areas.
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- Food Preferences