Appearance of the Broad-Tailed Hummingbird
The Broad-Tailed hummingbird is a medium-sized hummingbird. Both the male and female have iridescent green backs and crowns with a white breast.
The gorget of the male Broad Tailed hummingbird is a vibrant red hue. The female Broad-Tailed hummingbird, duller in color, has rust-colored flanks and underside and a tail that is tipped in white.
In flight, the wings of a Broad-Tailed hummingbird produce a noticeably unusual ‘trilling’ noise, unique to the breed.
Geography of the Broad-Tailed Hummingbird
The Broad-Tailed hummingbird spends its summers in mountain forest across the American southwest (Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and west Texas) and north-central Mexico.
After the end of summer, the Broad-Tailed hummingbird moves as far south as Guatemala.
Local Environments of the Broad-Tailed Hummingbird
Typically, the Broad-Tailed hummingbird is found in open woodland areas – among pinyon-juniper, pine-oak, brush hillsides, scrub and thicket areas – generally where flowering shrubs are present.
In some areas of habitat of the Broad-Tailed hummingbird, cool air descends into valleys at night, leaving warmer areas upslope at night, resulting in a phenomenon known as Thermal Inversion.
This unique situation causes the male Broad-Tailed hummingbird, who does not nest with the female Broad-Tailed hummingbird and hatchlings, to venture upslope to conserve its body heat.
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