Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Broad-Tailed Hummingbirds are one of the more active species when it comes to eating insects. They hunt insects whether they are in flight or sitting on foliage and in trees. When they are flying, their wings produce an unusual ‘trilling’ noise, unique to the breed.

Due to their high metabolism, Broad-Tailed Hummingbirds must eat constantly, feasting on nectar and insects.


Appearance of the Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Broad Tailed Hummingbird

The Broad-Tailed hummingbird is a medium-sized hummingbird. Both the male and female have iridescent green backs and crowns with a white breast.

The gorget of the male Broad Tailed hummingbird is a vibrant red hue. The female Broad-Tailed hummingbird, duller in color, has rust-colored flanks and underside and a tail that is tipped in white.

In flight, the wings of a Broad-Tailed hummingbird produce a noticeably unusual ‘trilling’ noise, unique to the breed.

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Geography of the Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

The Broad-Tailed hummingbird spends its summers in mountain forest across the American southwest (Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and west Texas) and north-central Mexico.

After the end of summer, the Broad-Tailed hummingbird moves as far south as Guatemala.

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Local Environments of the Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Typically, the Broad-Tailed hummingbird is found in open woodland areas – among pinyon-juniper, pine-oak, brush hillsides, scrub and thicket areas – generally where flowering shrubs are present.

In some areas of habitat of the Broad-Tailed hummingbird, cool air descends into valleys at night, leaving warmer areas upslope at night, resulting in a phenomenon known as Thermal Inversion.

This unique situation causes the male Broad-Tailed hummingbird, who does not nest with the female Broad-Tailed hummingbird and hatchlings, to venture upslope to conserve its body heat.

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