Bird Migration: Migratory Bird Species

Migratory bird species

Have you ever wondered what birds migrate and what birds decide to stick around through the winter?Our list of birds helps you understand the most common migrating birds in your area, as well as those birds that choose not to migrate.

 
Bird Facts
Migration Timing
Species

MIGRATORY BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA

Pine Grosbeak Migration

The list of birds that migrate in North America is positively huge – it would include several hundred species. Birdfeeders.com, however, has assembled a list of migratory birds who also can be considered regular visitors to the bird feeders of the United States and Canada.

These are the migratory birds that you will most likely see at your feeders. Migrating birds may stay in your area for a short time as they continue their journey, or they may stay for an entire season. Whichever it happens to be, knowing what birds migrate and when birds migrate can help you understand and enjoy them even more!

MIGRATORY FEEDER BIRDS 

SPECIES

WINTER LOCATIONS

SUMMER LOCATIONS

American Crow

Most of U.S., Canadian Maritimes

U.S. and Canada south of Northwest Territories

American Goldfinch

Most of U.S. except Plains States

U.S. and southern Canada

American Robin

Most of U.S. and Canadian Pacific coast

Nearly all of North America

American Tree Sparrow

Northern U.S. and southern Canada

Alaska and boreal Canada

Anna’s Hummingbird

Pacific coast from California to Alaska

Pacific coast from California to British Columbia

Band-tailed Pigeon

California to Texas

Pacific Northwest to Texas

Baltimore Oriole

Florida, Cuba, Mexico and South America

Eastern U.S. and Canada

Black-capped Chickadee

Alaska, Canada and northern U.S.

Alaska, Canada and northern U.S.

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Mexico

Washington state to Texas

Blue Grosbeak

Mexico

Southern U.S.

Blue Jay

Eastern U.S. and Canada

Eastern U.S. and Canada

Bohemian Waxwing

Pacific coast, northwestern U.S. and Canada

Alaska to Nunavut

Brewer’s Blackbird

Southern U.S.

Northwestern U.S. and Canada

Brown-headed Cowbird

Texas through the eastern U.S.

Most of U.S. and southern Canada

Brown Thrasher

Texas and the deep southern U.S.

East of the Rockies in U.S. and southern Canada

Bullock’s Oriole

Mexico

Western U.S.

Cassin’s Finch

Pacific Northwest, California to Texas and Mexico

British Columbia to Colorado

Cedar Waxwing

South half of U.S. to South America

Southern Canadian provinces and northern U.S.

Chipping Sparrow

Southern California, Florida and Mexico

Nearly all of the U.S. and Canada

Common Grackle

Eastern U.S.

U.S. and Canada east of the Rockies

Common Redpoll

Alaska, Canada and most of the Northern U.S.

Arctic Canada

Dark-eyed Junco

Most of the U.S. and southern Canada

Alaska to Maine, including the Rocky Mountain states and Pacific coast.

Downy Woodpecker

Most of the U.S. and Canada except the Desert Southwest

Most of the U.S. and Canada except the Desert Southwest

Eastern Bluebird

Southern U.S.

Eastern U.S. and parts of eastern Canada

Eastern Meadowlark

Most of the eastern U.S.

Eastern U.S. and southern Canada

Eastern Towhee

Southeastern U.S.

Eastern U.S. and Canada

Evening Grosbeak

Most of the U.S. except extreme southern border

Most of the U.S. and Canada except the extreme southern U.S. border

Field Sparrow

Most of the eastern U.S.

Eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada

Fox Sparrow

California and the southeastern U.S.

Alaska, Boreal Canada and the Pacific Northwest

Golden-crowned Sparrow

California and the Pacific Northwest

Alaska and British Columbia

Hairy Woodpecker

Nearly all of North America except arctic regions

Nearly all of North America except arctic regions

Hermit Thrush

Southern half of the U.S.

Alaska to the Canadian Maritimes as well as the Rocky Mountains

Hoary Redpoll

Alaska, Canada and most of the extreme northern U.S.

Arctic Alaska and Canada

House Finch

Most of the U.S.

Most of the U.S.

Indigo Bunting

Mexico and Central America

Most of the eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada

Lesser Goldfinch

Coastal California, Texas and Mexico

California to Colorado and south into Mexico

Northern Cardinal

Most of the eastern U.S. and Canada

Most of the eastern U.S. and Canada

Northern Flicker

Most of the U.S. and southern Canada

Alaska interior, boreal Canada to the southern U.S.

Orchard Oriole

Mexico and Central America

Eastern U.S.

Pileated Woodpecker

Pacific Northwest, parts of northern Canada and most of the eastern U.S.

Pacific Northwest, parts of northern Canada and most of the eastern U.S.

Pine Grosbeak

Alaska, Canada and most northern U.S. states

Alaska and northern Canada

Pine Siskin

Most of the U.S. and southern Canada

Alaska, Canada and parts of the Western U.S.

Pine Warbler

Small parts of southeastern Canada and the southern U.S.

Southeastern U.S.

Purple Finch

Most of the eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada, California and the Pacific Northwest

Parts of northern Canada and the U.S. and the Pacific coast.

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Eastern U.S.

Eastern U.S.

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Most of the U.S. and Canada

Northern U.S. and Canada, as well as high elevations

Red-headed Woodpecker

Eastern U.S.

Most of the U.S. east of the Rocky Mountains

Red-winged Blackbird

Most of the U.S.

Most of the U.S. and Canada

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Mexico to South America

Canada and parts of the eastern U.S.

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Southern U.S.

Alaska, Canada and high elevations in the western U.S.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Southern Florida, Mexico and Central America

Much of the eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada

Rufous Hummingbird

Mexico

Alaska and the Pacific Northwest

Song Sparrow

Much of the southern U.S.

Alaska, Canada and the northern U.S.

Tufted Titmouse

Eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada

Eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada

Varied Thrush

Pacific Northwest and California

Alaska and the Pacific Northwest

Western Meadowlark

Pacific Northwest and much of the western U.S. and Mexico

Much of the western U.S. and southwestern Canada

White-breasted Nuthatch

Most of the U.S. and southern Canada

Most of the U.S. and southern Canada

White-crowned Sparrow

Much of the southern U.S. and Mexico

Alaska, British Columbia and boreal Canada

White-throated Sparrow

Southern U.S. and the Pacific coast

Northern Canada and parts of northeastern U.S.

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Southern U.S. and Mexico

Pacific Northwest and most of Canada

 

Which Birds Don’t Migrate in North America? 

Anna's Hummingbird Migration

With all this information on migrating birds, you may come to the conclusion that all birds migrate. A large majority of the birds of North America do, but not all. Birds that don’t migrate are called “ Resident Birds ”, and will often spend the entire winter in a single region.

Which birds do not migrate? The list of non-migrating birds includes some specific, well-known species – Blue Jays and Northern Cardinals – and also includes large groups of birds including black birds, chickadees, doves, finches, nuthatches, sparrows and woodpeckers. There's even a species of hummingbird that doesn't really migrate -- the Anna's Hummingbird!

That list isn’t exactly accurate, either. Some of these birds do migrate, but do so infrequently or only certain individuals do. Blue Jays, for example, generally don’t migrate. Despite that, those that live near shorelines do tend to migrate.

Many of the other birds on the list of Resident Birds engage in similar occasional migrations.

 

Birdfeeders.com is the top destination to find quality Wild Bird Feeders and Accessories. Perky-Pet®, K-Feeders® and NO/NO® wild bird products are trusted brands to bird lovers everywhere. Interact with nature, relax and build memories that last a lifetime by conveniently ordering from birdfeeders.com. Happy Bird Feeding!

Migration Flyways