back to Birding Articles»

The Sun in Disguise: Hummingbird myths and legends


There is a great deal of speculation and ancient myth associated with hummingbirds. Scientists, explorers, and various native tribes who first discovered these tiny birds, named them by myths they believed in and by their magnificent colored feathers. Here are just a few.

  • Flying jewels
  • Purple-crowned fairy
  • Green-breasted mango
  • Glittering-throated emerald
  • Sapphire-vented puff-leg
  • Fiery topaz
  • Peacock coquette
  • Shining sunbeam

Some have considered the hummingbird to be “magic” because of its speed and ability to appear and disappear so quickly. The ancient Mayan’s believed that the hummingbird was the “sun in disguise” that appears in a hummingbird form to court the moon.

Photo of Aztec god

Huitzilopochtli, the most powerful Aztec god was thought to be half man, half bird. The Aztecs believed the god was made of hummingbird feathers that fell from the sky.

Today, some folks in Central and South America still believe in the mythical power of the hummingbird. The tiny creatures are dried and ground into magical powders. The powders are then used to attract money, power, or romance.

Although hummingbirds were, and still are today in some regions, considered to be mythical and magical there was a time in history when they became so popular and misused that thousands were being killed. Europeans were using their skins, feathers, and even their bodies in women’s fashion, to construct artificial flowers, and dust catchers.

Thanks goodness for the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918! The treaty prohibited trade in any migratory bird species and their feathers. The treaty also helped to protect bird habitats.

To find out more on hummingbird myths, legends, and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 visit these links:

Hummingbird myths and legends -

Migratory Bird Treaty Act -


Dunn, Terry. Hummingbirds Frantic and Fascinating. Retrieved from the World Wide Web August 2008


back to Birding Articles» is the top destination to find quality Wild Bird Feeders and Accessories. Perky-Pet®, K-Feeders and NO/NO® wild bird products are trusted brands to bird lovers everywhere. Interact with nature, relax and build memories that last a lifetime by conveniently ordering from Happy Bird Feeding!